How Much Does It Cost to Earn a Free Hotel Award Night?

I’m in the process of updating my hotel elite status comparison chart, and as part of that process I need to collect information on the different award tiers and the points earned with each stay. That allows me to do what I consider a very useful analysis of the relative cost of earning an award stay, or as I like to call it, “Revenue per Award Night.”

This measure is incredibly important when valuing any award program, but especially a hotel loyalty program. A mile is not a mile, and a point is not a point, if different programs award more or less of them for the same size transaction. As a result, one can’t easily compare the award charts of two different programs and say that one is “more expensive” than another. Perhaps the program that requires twice as many points for a free night also hands out four times as many to begin with.

Airlines have pretty standard rules for awarding miles based on distance flown and fixing the cost of a domestic award at 25,000 of those miles. These rules have been breaking down for years in a process that is now accelerating. But I can’t think of a time when hotels have ever had comparable award programs.

I’ve done this kind of analysis before, but I’ve made a few changes to my method, there have been some new award tiers added, and Club Carlson has changed their elite bonuses. The present analysis includes the following hotel loyalty programs:

  • Hyatt Gold Passport
  • Starwood Preferred Guest
  • Hilton HHonors
  • Marriott Rewards
  • IHG Rewards (formerly Priority Club Rewards)
  • Club Carlson

Calculating Revenue Spent per Award Night

The figure below provides a general distribution of the cost of an award night. I’ve included every program’s award chart, as well as three separate award charts to account for peak or discounted awards in certain programs. I then divided the cost of a free night (in points) by the number of points earned per dollar spent when you previously stayed a hotel and paid cash.

General Member cost per award night

From this first figure, we can see what I’ve shown before, that Hyatt, Hilton, and Marriott all have award charts that are similarly priced. The fact that Hilton may sometimes charge up to 95,000 points for an award night is compensated for the fact that it can offer 15 points per dollar, while Hyatt offers only 5 points per dollar. Starwood, however, has some incredibly high-priced awards among its top tiers, while IHG Rewards and Club Carlson may offer significant value even after Club Carlson’s recent devaluation.

Elite Members Spend Less to Earn Free Nights

I created a second figure for elite members. Why? Each loyalty program offers its elite members a different bonus multiplier on the points they earn, which scales the “Revenue per Award Night.” So an award chart that looks unattractive to a general member could be very attractive to an elite if that elite gets a much higher bonus than some other programs provide.

Elite Member cost per award night

For the sake of consistency, I’ve used the elite status one would earn after spending 50 nights, which includes the top tiers of Hyatt and Starwood as well as elite status several other programs typically provide for having a co-branded credit card. These are:

  • Hyatt Gold Passport — Diamond (30%)
  • Starwood Preferred Guest — Platinum (50%)
  • Hilton HHonors — Gold (25%)
  • Marriott Rewards — Gold (25%)
  • IHG Rewards — Platinum (50%)
  • Club Carlson — Gold (35%)

This figure doesn’t show any upsets in the ranking — every program still ranks the same when it comes to its most expensive award category. But you can see that some of the disparities are reduced. Starwood’s Category 7 is no longer roughly 3-fold more expensive than Hyatt’s Category 7; instead it’s close to 2-fold more expensive when comparing the experiences of an SPG Platinum member to a Hyatt Diamond member. And if you cut out Categories 6 and 7, SPG begins to look more attractive.

Not All Award Nights Are Equal

Excluding outlying categories can be appealing when they seem to skew the results, as in the case of SPG. I took out a few outliers last year from my final analysis. However, it’s not a good idea without some idea of the impact of those outliers on the greater whole.

So I sat down and counted the number of properties in each award category for both Hyatt and Starwood. (I would have done the other chains, too, but Marriott, Hilton, and IHG number into the thousands. I also have status with Hyatt and Starwood, so this is for my own benefit.) The results surprised me a bit.

Hyatt SPG Distribution

Hyatt exhibits a bimodal distribution centered on Categories 2 and 6, meaning they have a lot of hotels at the top or bottom of their award chart and not many in the middle. Starwood has a unimodal distribution that peaks around Categories 3 and 4. It probably explains why Starwood is able to get away with such expensive hotels at the upper end — there just aren’t that many.

Why is Hyatt split down the middle? Partly it’s because of their recent acquisitions and expansion of the Hyatt Place and Hyatt House brands. What I grew up thinking of as a luxury brand now has many more affordable budget properties — a huge number, in fact, that brings down the weighted average revenue per award night for Hyatt vs. Starwood.

They do a great job running them, and they may bring in customers that then stay at nicer hotels, but it probably creates some internal stress between two different target markets. (And when some people complain that Hyatt doesn’t have many properties — which is true — it doesn’t help the problem when most are budget-oriented.)

Hyatt SPG Weighted Average

Another reason for the gap in Hyatt’s chart is that the top end continues to migrate further upscale. The Hyatt Credit Card gives out a free Category 4 award night each year, and it’s become more difficult to use each time category changes are announced and some favorite properties move from Category 4 to 5. We’re always hearing about fancy new properties in places like New York and Hawaii. The need for Category 7 is pretty obvious from the huge number of Category 6 properties, and I’d expect to see more of them move up in the future. We probably got off easy to start because Gold Passport was worried about customer reactions.

It’s not all bad news. An abundance of cheaper and more expensive properties makes it even easier for travel hackers to earn elite status at Hyatt at cheaper properties and benefit from that status at more expensive properties. For ordinary people, however, I think Hyatt could make a bigger effort to open mid-market hotels.


The first time I did this kind of analysis, I was trying to argue that Hyatt wasn’t likely to introduce a massive devaluation to its members. I said, at most, we might see some small increases in the upper tiers and the possible introduction of a Category 7. That’s very similar to what happened.

Of course, the introduction of both a Category 7 and award inflation at the same time is doubly painful, but take another look at the distribution of Hyatt properties by award category and it is clear just how few properties were affected. There remain many excellent awards at the Category 5 and 6 levels. And booking Category 7 properties with Hyatt remains less expensive than with Starwood even after considering the 20% discount Starwood provides with a fifth free night — something not everyone gets on every award stay.

There are so many nitpicky variables like these, as well as elite-qualifying award nights, upgrade benefits, and airline or credit card transfer partners that help decide which hotel loyalty program is right for you. Sometimes location matters, too. 😀 But I hope you’ve found some useful information here today that can help you make that decision. You’ll get more information once I finish creating the updated elite benefits table.

(If anyone has access to information that breaks down the number of properties by award category for the other programs, I’d love to get my hands on it. I just don’t want to count them all manually.)

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  • UAPhil

    Scott, have you considered a similar analysis based on credit card spend? I think many of us would find that useful.

    • Scottrick

      You mean from a manufactured spend perspective? I could try that.

      • Ben

        That is an interesting suggestion, especially for those who points primarily through CC spend

        • Amy

          I did this myself recently in an afternoon and came up with Club Carlson as the best card to put spend on for free nights (assuming you do two night stays), but would be interested in what you come up with.

      • Locke42

        Since all the different hotel cards have different category bonuses, maybe focus on how much we’d need to spend just on hotel stays, since those give the biggest bonuses?

      • aegt

        When I saw the title , I though that is exactly what you had done. I was expecting hotel categories on X-axis and out-of-pocket cost on Y-axis. Each chart will have different colored lines representing different hotels. You can start with VR-BB and then add different MS techniques on the same chart.

        • Scottrick

          Ah, well I’m not as big on manufactured spend. Since Amol recently did a good job looking at some of the better credit cards, I’ll consult with him and try to come up with a good way of representing the results.

          Since I often look at elite status and paid travel, in this case I was just trying to look at the question from the perspective of someone who does a lot of travel and is looking for the program that will best reward his/her business. I think the distributions I provide for each program are useful since people may care more about certain award tiers depending on the program.

          • aegt

            Got it. I hope you or someone else gets around to creating a chart like that. I am 100% MS and hardly ever pay for hotels so a chart like that would be awesome.

    • EJ

      Yes, I agree completely! I don’t get to stay in hotels much, but I do spend a lot on credit cards. I would love to see a comparison of which of my credit cards (Marriott, Hyatt, Hilton, Starwood) gives me the most bang for the buck.

      • warner

        this would be an extremely complicated task and wouldn’t be that fruitful.

  • matt

    It’d also be useful to include points amenities under some assumed stay pattern.

    • Scottrick

      Another good idea. I’m usually a two-night stay guy.

  • DaveZ

    Scott, regarding “(If anyone has access to information that breaks down the number of properties by award category for the other programs, I’d love to get my hands on it. I just don’t want to count them all manually.)”…. have you tried sending a request directly to those hotel chains asking for that information?

    • Scottrick

      To some. Most don’t reply or tell me the information is listed on their website.

  • Scottrick

    I haven’t included credit cards in the analysis. There are at least three ways to do so: (1) assuming you earn all your points through manufactured spend, (2) assuming you use a card that earns points on generic hotel spend, and (3) assuming you use a brand-specific card.

    Number 2 doesn’t matter much because it’s effectively the same discount across all brands — even if you use the points for a different brand than the one where you earn them. Number 1 is more important because you may need to focus on different cards that work more or less well for a particular brand. Number 3 might have an interesting effect similar to the elite status bonuses and shift relative rankings of brands.

  • Scottrick

    I’ve talked to Hyatt about this. I don’t think any company is going to give me their information on average rates. However, people can take a look at what it takes to get a free night in a specific category and then look at the specific hotels they want to stay at and what they charge.

  • pete

    loyaltylobby made one for hilton a while back

    it is the converted list of all the hilton properties in spreadsheet format, i also have one made if you wanted a one that has all the categories broken down let me know

  • Gloobnib


    The top elite bonus at SPG (after 75 nights) is 4 points per dollar (100% bonus). That would result in 33% more points than shown in your chart.

    • Scottrick

      In my explanation of how I did this comparison, I said that I looked at the status one would obtain after staying 50 nights, which provides a 50% bonus for SPG customers.

      50 nights provides Hyatt Diamond and SPG Platinum-50. Various credit cards also offer status equivalent to 50 nights in their respective programs.

  • DCS

    In your second chart you compared top-tier Hyatt (Diamond) and SPG (Platinum) elites vs. second-tier Hilton (Gold) and Marriott (Gold) elites, and concluded that there were no “upsets in the ranking”. The absence of upsets was based on comparing different elite tiers, are you admitting that top-tier Hyatt and SPG elites are equivalent to second-tier Hilton and Marriott elites, which is something that I have said for a while? :-) The elite tier qualification requirements are established by each program, so that rather than comparing the number of stays or nights among the programs, which clearly mean different things, it would make more sense to compare the resulting elite tiers: top vs top, mid vs mid, low vs low :-)

    Also, I find it puzzling (read: funny) that you call the extremely high SPG award rates “outliers” and decide to exclude them from some analyses. On what ground do those high rates qualify as “outliers” that deserve to be taken out? Scientifically, “outliers” are usually eliminated from because they are considered measurement errors (“flukes”). However, the high SPG award rates are no flukes or errors. They are part of the official award charts published by the program. Therefore, rather than to try to lighten up the picture of your second favored program, which is rather grim, by eliminating so-called “outliers”, you should present your readers will the most accurate picture (i.e., the one with the so-called “outliers”) in order to enable them to make the most informed decision…

    • Scott Mackenzie

      Question #1: Are top-tier Hyatt and SPG elites equivalent to second-tier Hilton and Marriott elites?

      First, a more accurate phrasing of that question would be top-tier vs. mid-tier, since Hyatt and SPG only have two tiers, so I’m looking at second-tier for all four programs.

      Second, I am only looking at the relative cost of award nights, and by “no upsets” I meant that the order in which programs were ranked did not change. That’s not to say that the magnitude of difference between programs also did not change.

      Third, I would agree that some benefits are comparable, but I think upgrades earned by Hyatt and Starwood guests after staying 50 nights are more generous. I also think that the additional benefits earned by staying more than 50 nights at Hilton and Marriott are minimal. The analysis in this post isn’t the final say on which is the best loyalty program.

      Fourth, I disagree that it makes sense to compare low vs. low, medium vs. medium, etc. I don’t care about comparing status between programs. I care about comparing the number of free nights earned by a customer who stays X nights and spends Y dollars in a year. If Hilton’s top tier requires more nights than Hyatt’s top tier, then they aren’t direct comparisons for the purpose of this analysis.

      Question #2: On what ground is it justified to exclude some SPG awards as outliers?

      First, your definition of an outlier is incorrect. Outliers are not considered flukes or errors. They’re observations like any other. If an outlier is an error then the observation should be performed again. The correct definition of an outlier is an observation that is distant from other observations. Statistics is about interpreting patterns of observations into meaningful answers. Sometimes excluding outliers makes the remaining data much easier to explain and compare to other data.

      Second, I did not prevent people from making informed decisions. I explained that I was removing those observations as outliers and explained why. The statistical analysis I performed is valid only within that frame of reference. If a reader wants to include those observations because they disagree with my justification, they would get a different answer — an answer that is valid within that new frame of reference.